1 edition of A history of the California initiative process found in the catalog.
A history of the California initiative process
|Statement||prepared by Bill Jones.|
|Contributions||California. Secretary of State.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||112 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||112|
The event marked the end of California's island status. The story goes on and on. While the state remained more urban than rural, by the fastest growing areas were the inland valleys where the Central Pacific and other promoters were steering immigrants, luring them with a campaign of cornucopic advertising conducted extensively in heartland states like Iowa and Illinois. After a period from the s through the s when the state's well-financed public institutions were the envy of the nation, California's colleges have been forced to retrench by tax-cutting initiatives. On July 7,Commodore John D. Huge contributions from interest groups that will benefit financially from passage of the measure.
About the author John M. For example, Colorado's Referendum O would require a two-thirds vote for the legislature to change statutes passed by the voters through initiatives, until five years after such passage. Impeachment requires the House to bring specific charges and the Senate to act as a jury. Summer Your Library: Explore, Learn, Read, Connect Summer Your Library provides California public library staff with program planning resources, training workshops, a set of quality principles and indicators, statewide summer program outcome statements, and a framework and support for presenting outcomes-based summer programs.
The state's most valuable crops are grapes, cotton, flowers, and oranges; dairy products, however, contribute the single largest share of farm income, and California is again the national leader in this sector. Paradoxically Mexico's independence from Spain in opened California to American economic penetration. Concerned particularly about the string of fur-trading posts that the Russians were establishing, Spanish authorities decided that it was time to solidify the claim to California. California's failure to develop a long-term plan to end surplus withdrawals from the Colorado led the federal government to stop the release of surplus water to the state in
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In the end, like the nation that it aspires to lead, California will try to get by the way it has always gotten by, relying on its geographic gifts and economic good fortune to feed the inflated consumer passions of its growing and changing population, hoping that the regime of abundance will last forever, or at least for another generation.
The port of San Francisco, ideal from both military and mercantile standpoints, was of particular interest, and in Washington made another offer solely for it.
California's remaining Indian populations fared much worse--indeed worse even than the usual horror that attended American westward expansion. For nearly a century and a half the state has sustained a growth rate that essentially doubles its population every two decades.
Generally, however, the process includes these steps: 1 preliminary filing of a proposed petition with a designated state official; 2 review of the petition for conformance with statutory requirements and, in several states, a review of the language of the proposal; 4 circulation of the petition to obtain the required number of signatures of registered voters, usually a percentage of the votes cast for a statewide office in the preceding general election; and 5 submission of the petitions to the state elections official, who must verify the number of signatures.
John Randolph Haynes may have been as important.
Huge contributions from interest groups that will benefit financially from passage of the measure. In the late s, Californians staged a "tax revolt" that attracted national attention, passing legislation to cut property taxes.
The railroad turned the state into a second Midwest, encouraging first the production of wheat, then with the spread of irrigation and the invention of refrigerated cars, a shift to fruits and vegetables.
The gold in the second California population rush was found in sun and oranges. One out of every two legal immigrants into the United States in this period has come from Asia and the Pacific Islands, and more than half of them have gone to California.
Allswang brushes back the cobwebs of history to reveal that direct legislation politics in the past is surprisingly similar to the present. Adds Mr. There was nothing gradual about it. This population came to hunt gold but stayed to build California, especially the San Francisco Bay Area which stood ready to rechannel the acquisitive energies of the immigrants once the placers and mines began to play out.
Supreme Court. American writers such as Bret Harte and Mark Twain have recorded the local color as well as the violence and human tragedies of the roaring mining camps. This bold experiment in free speech attracted the state's top newspaper talent and got off to a highly successful start.
And western regional mythology dwells on that relationship, celebrating the founding dramas of conquest and repopulation with the same callousness that the South shows in its plantation mythology.
Washington was seeking a Pacific outpost. Some of this can be credited to the original California peoples whose numbers have grown steadily throughout the twentieth century. The Forum agenda is now available. Orange growing became another exercise in mediterranean romance, a gentlemanly form of agriculture ideally suited to the fantasies of inhabitants of harsher climes, farmers and townsfolk alike.
What they have had is minority populations of Native Americans or Mexican Americans living in clear subordination to a largely undifferentiated white population.
In the census Hispanics numbered 7. Colonization of California remained largely Mexican until the s. But the largest increase has come from outside the state, as Navaho, Lakota, Cherokee, Choctaw and members of other nations of the interior have followed the trail of post-war opportunity to California.The ballot initiative process gives California citizens a way to propose laws and constitutional amendments without the support of the Governor or the Legislature.
A simplified explanation of the initiative process follows. THE INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM IN NEVADA Kenneth C. Elverum, Senior Research Analyst Robert E. Erickson, Research Director A.
Use of the Initiative Process •.• 5 B. Indirect Initiatives Versus Direct The Book of the StatesThe Council of State Governments, 6. In the politics of the United States, the process of initiatives and referendums allow citizens of many U.S.
states to place new legislation on a popular ballot, or to place legislation that has recently been passed by a legislature on a ballot for a popular atlasbowling.comtives and referendums, along with recall elections and popular primary elections, are signature reforms of the Progressive Era.
The Initiative Process in America An Overview of How It Works Around the Country 1 Testimony of M. Dane Waters, President of the Initiative & Referendum Institute, to the Speaker’s Commission on the Initiative Process. The Initiative & Referendum Institute is. Initiative.
In political terminology, the initiative is a process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot.
The first state to adopt the initiative was South Dakota in By the s they constituted a sizable minority in the state, and racial tensions reached a climax.
InCalifornia voters approved an initiative measure, Proposition 14, allowing racial discrimination in the sale or rental of housing in the state, a measure later declared unconstitutional by.